Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT). Spirituality and Psychotherapy – Conundrum.
“Church of England schools should cut down to one in 10 the number of places reserved for practicing Anglicans, even if it means a fall in standards, the church’s education chief has said” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-13158380
An Example of, “Savage Science”?
Click here (look it up) for access to the latest key research articles An empirically based rationale for a spiritually integrated psychotherapy Authors: Kenneth I. Pargament a; Nichole A. Murray-Swank b; Nalini Tarakeshwar
B Loyola College in Maryland, USA
c Yale University, USA
Published in: Mental Health, Religion & Culture,
Volume 8, Issue 3 September 2005 , pages 155 – 165
1) spirituality can be a part of the solution to psychological problems;
2) spirituality can be a source of problems in and of itself;
3) people want spiritually sensitive help;
4) spirituality cannot be separated from psychotherapy. We then discuss the defining characteristics of spiritually integrated psychotherapy. It is based on a theory of spirituality, empirically oriented, ecumenical, and capable of integration into virtually any form of psychotherapy. The paper concludes by considering potential problems associated with spiritually integrated psychotherapy, including the risks of trivializing spirituality as simply a tool for mental health, reducing spirituality to presumably more basic motivations and drives, imposing spiritual values on clients, and overstating the importance of spirituality. Perhaps the greatest danger, however, is to neglect the spiritual dimension in psychotherapy. This paper sets the stage for the articles in this special issue of MHRC which describe the development and evaluation of several innovative approaches to spiritually integrated psychotherapy.
“Delays in the emergency services’ response to the 7/7 London bombings did not cause the death of any of the 52 people killed, the coroner has said. But in concluding the inquests into the deaths, Lady Justice Hallett criticised lapses by emergency services and MI5. She made nine recommendations that aim to “save lives”, and said no further inquiries, or inquests on the bombers, were needed. She also formally ruled that the victims had been unlawfully killed. More than 700 people were injured in the four suicide attacks, in 2005. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-13308371 And http://7julyinquests.independent.gov.uk/docs/orders/rule43-report.pdf
There is a school of thought that holds that no person is evil, that only acts may be properly considered evil.
Psychologist and mediator Marshall Rosenberg claims that the root of violence is the very concept of “evil” or “badness.” When we label someone as bad or evil, Rosenberg claims, it invokes the desire to punish or inflict pain. It also makes it easy for us to turn off our feelings towards the person we are harming. He cites the use of language in Nazi Germany as being a key to how the German people were able to do things to other human beings that they normally wouldn’t do. He links the concept of evil to our judicial system, which seeks to create justice via punishment — “punitive justice” — punishing acts that are seen as bad or wrong. He contrasts this approach with what he found in cultures where the idea of evil was non-existent. In such cultures, when someone harms another person, they are believed to be out of harmony with themselves and their community, they are seen as sick or ill and measures are taken to restore them to a sense of harmonious relations with themselves and others, as opposed to punishing them.
Psychologist Albert Ellis makes a similar claim, in his school of psychology called Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy or REBT. He says the root of anger, and the desire to harm someone, is almost always one of these beliefs:
- That they should/shouldn’t have done certain things
- That someone is an awful/bad/horrible person for doing what they did
- That they deserve to be punished for what they did
He claims that without one of the preceding thoughts, violence is next to impossible.
Secondary school pupils in the UK are falling behind their international counterparts, according to a major survey from the OECD. Pupils have slipped down a global league table in reading, maths and science, based on two-hour tests taken in 65 school systems around the world. Finland and South Korea, as last time, achieved the best results. Education Secretary Michael Gove said the survey showed the “urgent need to reform our school system”. Within the UK, Wales performed significantly less well than England, Scotland and Northern Ireland in all three subjects http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-11929277
Dangerous Time Wasting (ref, confusion – to self-downing; see above, ‘irrational beliefs are at the core of emotional disturbance’ – in a/our, ‘knowledge based society’), and the mostly: awfulness of our heritage, and the – ghastly cruellness’s and unfairness’ of our Culture or current Society (ref, economic disasters and war govern man’s fate, with steadily increasing inequality; which all must be fought against) – In the highly Progressive Electronic Age with the Globalisation to the Democratisation of the World. UK Government Propaganda – GB – is horrific and expensively produced nonsense, such as,”Pupils’ spiritual development involves the growth of their sense of self, their unique potential, their understanding of their strengths and weaknesses, and their will to achieve. As their curiosity about themselves and their place in the world increases, they try to answer for themselves some of life’s fundamental questions. They develop the knowledge, skills, understanding, qualities and attitudes they need to foster their own inner lives and non-material wellbeing (ref, total confusion: the answers lie in understanding the difference between science and technology + appreciation of art and the scientific answers to the big questions, “Where am I? What am I? Why am I?”) There are no answers in any form of ‘superstition’, at least: not any found out, as yet! Pupils’ cultural development involves pupils acquiring an understanding of cultural traditions and an ability to appreciate and respond to a variety of aesthetic experiences. They acquire a respect for their own culture and that of others, an interest in others’ ways of doing things and curiosity about differences. They develop the knowledge, skills, understanding, qualities and attitudes they need to understand, appreciate and contribute to culture”. Ref, brainwashing / indoctrination with the mindless lack of any discernment i.e., “respect for authority is always wrong (Hitler Youth – Pol Pot, so on..,) and violence is sometimes right – for freedom and equality”) http://curriculum.qcda.gov.uk/key-stages-1-and-2/general-teaching-requirements/spritual-and-moral/index.aspx
“Classified American documents released by the Wikileaks website say Finsbury Park mosque in London served as a “haven” for Islamic extremists. According to the files, at least 35 men passed through Britain before being sent to fight against allied forces in Afghanistan” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-13197331 And “Afghanistan’s justice minister has said the 488 inmates who escaped from Kandahar’s main prison through a tunnel must have had inside help. Habibullah Ghaleb told President Hamid Karzai that much of the blame for the Taliban-led breakout lay with local security forces and foreign troops” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13199655
The Royal Wedding: at present, we all have to ’put up with’ – ’an infantile situation’.
“It is irrational. It is sentimental. It is absurd. At times it is completely dotty. And yet the monarchy works. This is because it humanises what can otherwise appear a distant and impersonal state. People who find if very hard to relate to an Act of Parliament, to a Brussels directive, a law lord or a permanent secretary (all essential parts of government) get the point of the Royal family. We share their tragedies, joys and family dramas. There is something about hereditary rule that people like. This observation does not just apply to backward societies – it is also the case in the United States, with its dynasties of Bushes, Clintons and Kennedys. So the monarchy brings us together as a nation. Only one group is left out: intellectuals. Whether of Left or Right, they have always despised the institution of monarchy. There is no way that it would ever fit in with their grand, abstract schemes for the transformation of society. Tony Benn, Britain’s most distinguished republican, likes to ask whether we would place our trust in a hereditary airline pilot or doctor. There is no answer to this question. The institution is illogical” http://www.snouts-in-the-trough.com/ And http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/royal-wedding/8472582/The-quiet-wisdom-of-the-Windsors.html And, “The Syrian ambassador’s invitation to Friday’s royal wedding has been withdrawn after officials said it was “inappropriate” for him to attend” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-13223428
“It is the most complex space physics experiment ever built, and it will launch on shuttle Endeavour this week. There is a chance it could find anti-matter, the mirror of the material from which we are all made; and even identify the mysterious “dark matter” that scientists say makes a bigger contribution to the mass of the cosmos than all the stuff we see through telescopes” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-13163026
Jihad to Voodoo – Al-Qaeda has confirmed the death of its leader, Osama Bin Laden, according to a statement attributed to the group and posted on jihadist internet forums. “[His blood] will remain, with permission from Allah, the Almighty, a curse that chases the Americans and their agents, and goes after them inside and outside their countries,” it warned. “Their happiness will turn into sorrow, and their blood will be mixed with their tears. We call upon our Muslim people in Pakistan, on whose land Sheikh Osama was killed, to rise up and revolt. “Before the sheikh passed from this world and before he could share with the Islamic nation in its joys over its revolutions in the face of the oppressors, he recorded a voice recording of congratulations and advice which we will publish soon, God willing.” Although US forces buried Bin Laden’s body at sea, the statement warned the US that “multiple gates of evil” would be opened on them if they failed to hand over the corpse to his family. It incited Muslims to take action should the Americans mistreat the body or any of his captive family members. It acknowledged the US was responsible for his death, and also noted that he had been killed by “treacherous infidel bullets” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-south-asia-13313201 “The late Pope, John Paul II, has been officially beatified at a ceremony at the Vatican in front of hundreds of thousands of Catholic faithful”. “This sprint to sainthood is to deflect examinations into JPII’s unedifying record on clerical child abuse – and, with it, Benedict’s own role,” said Keith Porteous Wood of Britain’s National Secular Society. “Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe was among those attending the beatification. A Roman Catholic, he was given special permission by the EU to fly to Italy despite being the subject of a travel ban”. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-13251415
“Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden has been killed by US forces in Pakistan, President Barack Obama has said” http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-13256676