ScienceDaily (1999-08-10) — Fire provided the spark for modern human evolution, but not because it allowed our ancestors to eat meat. Rather, it was the ability to cook tuberous roots akin to carrots, potatoes and beets that caused hominids to turn a major evolutionary corner about 1.9 million years ago, according to anthropologists Richard Wrangham of Harvard University, Gregory Laden of the University of Minnesota and Harvard colleagues David Pilbeam, Jamie Jones and NancyLou Conklin-Brittain.
And, Starch ‘fuel of human evolution’ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/6983330.stm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/today/hi/today/newsid_8270000/8270396.stm ‘A Protection Racket’
Ref, ‘Evolution. Fish to Man. Man’s Debt To The Past’ http://luckyme0.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!A18BF3FCC5E126A2!960.entry
Ref, ‘The Prehistoric Mind. How did Prehistoric Man Think? The Primitive Mind’ – http://luckyme0.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!A18BF3FCC5E126A2!1520.entry
Self-deception at ‘Creationist Schools’ – mostly today – are the ‘Private Schools’ or ‘Independent Schools’ (Private – family, homes, so on…). Nursery (some) and in the earlier learning ‘Primary Schools’. By my experience: ‘religious services’ of schools, generally, and those that are aimed at older children UK. Reaction to my personal confrontation of the current ‘authority’ or ‘status quo’ = generally; with some amusement or more like impertinence. Ref, ‘the impertinent insolence of truths or dogmas, and in those who have ‘total certainty’ about their faith or belief: impertinent insolence flying in the face of the Divine’.
(Some, private funded schools and some: Church Schools or Faith Schools – some, will tell you they teach quite differently they are happy to lie – ‘school gates’ are kept firmly shut)
Click the top line for the ‘correct size article’.
Behind those school gates, the ‘easier answers’ and ‘superstitious ones’ are everywhere, and in many, repetitive constant’ prayer’ or praying is considered very important! They are not learning, how to: ‘handle freedom and not conformity’ or that, ‘respect for authority is nearly always wrong and violence is sometimes right’. ‘True freedom, always, and by most generations, will have to be hard fought for’. Ref, Karl Popper and Others. PC – ness of today.
I would like you to consider the meaning of freedom that much used, but misunderstood word. Freedom is a word rather like time, everyone thinks they know what it means, but cannot define it.
The foundation of freedom is knowledge and without knowledge no man can be free!
That is why religious and secular dictators throughout history, have burned and censored books, closed universities, imprisoned professors, and do so today in Russia, Eastern Europe, China, Iran, and many other Nations. Freedom is the ability to choose courses of action, and to make decisions that are based on an objective knowledge of the World. Without such knowledge, primitive subjective feelings, values, and goals, remain the primary determinants of human action. Knowing this; the sophisticated and unscrupulous – manipulate the credulous. True freedom is frightening to many because it necessitates the individual breaking out of the cocoon of half truths, ignorance, and ready made opinions, in which, most of mankind is happily and comfortably imprisoned.
No man can be free until he seeks objective answers to three questions, namely, "Where am I? What am I? Why am l?" For, it is the ability to frame these questions that separates us from the rest of the animal world and nothing else. And, it is the approach to fording the answers that distinguishes the educated from the ignorant, and the cultured from the philistine. Any attempt to answer these questions must be made with a ruthless determination, to avoid conclusions that are based on poor evidence, or on a desire to see the world, as so many wish it to be, magical and made for us. I say, any attempt to answer these questions, because for psychological reasons that is beyond the scope of this lecture. Few people will ever try to do so! (Have given up! Ref, `The Long Childhood’ tribal culture – J.Bronowski.
Most prefer what Huxley called, "The sleep of everyday living". Even the brilliant Voltaire wrote, "Through a quarter of my lifetime, I was absolutely ignorant of the reasons for everything I saw, and heard, and felt, and was merely a parrot, prompted by other parrots". Sir Winston Churchill spent 40 years looking at the countryside, but noticed nothing before he started painting it.
We are part of the evolving animal world and that this fact, which individually and collectively we prefer to ignore. We pretend we are god like creatures playing with nature, not subject to her inexorable law. Smart organisms survive, and those that fail to make sense of their environment perish. We must understand ourselves, and our place in nature, or die. There is no choice about this. The only choice is to recognize it and do so in time!
If you take the trouble to study the evolution of Primates, Hominids (us) and their brains, ancient and modern group behaviour and how you have come to have certain loyalties and attitudes a structure will appear. All the meaningless little pieces of knowledge will form a coherent whole, perhaps, what you now consider sensible will seem trivial and ridiculous. Ref, ‘The Fear of Freedom’ Erich Fromm ‘The Proper Structuralised View Of The World.
A new kind of freedom will have been achieved.
There is also however, a more personal answer. ‘Science tells us what we can know, but what we can know is little, and if we forget how much we cannot know, we become insensitive to many things of very great importance. Theology, on the other hand, induces a dogmatic belief that we have knowledge, where in fact we have ignorance and by doing so generates a kind of impertinent insolence towards the Universe. Uncertainty, in the presence of vivid hopes and fears is painful but must be endured if we wish to live without the support of comforting fairy tales (‘The Infantile Situation GB’ -‘Identity and Violence’ Amartya Sen) . To teach how to live without certainty, and yet, without being paralysed by hesitation, is perhaps the chief thing that philosophy in our age can still do for those who study it.’
The Church of England.
How aware are our children and parents of this matter. Do they know what is going on, now, in our Schools!
Are they at all aware of History, and of ‘Human Group Behaviour? And, why do humans like to believe in something that is quite often preposterous. In fact, humans seek a faith or belief or an ideology – it is in their nature to do this, for better or worse.
Bewildered And Afraid:
With regard to all basic questions, a great sector of our culture has just one function to, "Befog The Issue"! One kind of smokescreen is the assertion that the problems are too complicated for the, "Average individual to grasp"! On the contrary, it would seem that many of the basic issues are very simple, so simple in fact that, "Everyone Should Be Expected To Understand Them"!
To let them appear to be so enormously complicated that only a "Specialist" can understand them tends to discourage people from trusting their own capacity to think. The result of this is two fold.
1) A scepticism and cynicism towards everything that is said or printed.
2) A childish belief in anything that is told with authority.
This combination of cynicism, and naivety, is typical of the modern individual.
Another way of paralysing the ability to think critically is the absence of any kind of "Structuralized Picture Of The World" or "The Proper Structuralised View Of The World". (Proper = Scientific and an outline knowledge of Cosmology, Evolution and the History of Man.
Facts lose the specific quality, which they can have only as parts of a structualised whole, and retain merely an abstract quantitative meaning, each fact, is just another fact, and all that matters, is whether we know more, or less. The Media have a devastating effect on this score. The announcement of the bombing of a city, or the deaths of hundreds of people, is shamelessly followed by an advertisement for soap or wine. Those of a fashion show, follow, pictures of war. The trite thoughts, or breakfast habits, of a fashionable nonentity, are reported with the same seriousness, as events of a scientific, or artistic importance.
Because of all this, we cease to be genuinely related to what we hear, our emotions, and our critical judgement become hampered, and eventually, our attitude to what is going on in the world assumes a quality of flatness and indifference. Life loses all structure, it is composed of many little pieces, each separate from the other, and lacking any sense as a whole.
The individual is left alone with these pieces, like a child with a puzzle. The difference, however, is that the child knows what a house is, and therefore, can recognise the parts of the house in the little pieces he is playing with. Whereas, the adult does not see the meaning of the whole, with the pieces which come into his hands, he is bewildered and afraid and just goes on gazing at his little meaningless little pieces.
Economic crises, unemployment, war, govern man’s fate. (IMF http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/8282074.stm) Man has built his world, he has built houses and factories, he produces cars, and clothes, and he grows grain and fruit. But, he has become estranged from the products of his own hands, he is not really the master any more of the world he has built, on the contrary: this man made world has become his master before whom he bows down, whom he tries to placate, or to manipulate, as best he can. The work of his own hands has become his God. He seems to be driven by self-interest, but in reality his total self, with all its concrete potentialities, has become an instrument for the purposes of the very machine his hands have built.
He keeps up the illusion of being the, "Centre of the World", and yet, he is pervaded by an intense sense of insignificance, and powerlessness, which his ancestors once consciously felt toward God.
Barmy Britain through the Looking Glass
‘how an obsessive adherence to certain laws ‘flies in the face of common sense”. Ref, Creationism, or ‘fundamental religiosity’ in our Schools – "An impertinent insolence that flies in the face of the Divine".