In the Fifth Century BC Euripides wrote, "Blessed is he who learns how to engage in inquiry, with no impulse to harm his countrymen or to pursue wrongful actions, but perceives the order of immortal and ageless nature, how it is structured". Ref, "The Proper Structuralised View Of The World".
And nearly one thousand years later St Augustine said, "There is another form of temptation, even more fraught with danger. This is the disease of curiosity… It is this which drives us to try and discover the secrets of nature, those secrets, which are beyond our understanding, which can avail us nothing, and which man should not wish to learn". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking The magic switch from observational thought or conversation, to that of ‘analytical thought or conversation’, which so many of us, have some great difficulty in attempting. Ref, Notes of Dad’s, ‘Living With The Miners’ – ‘Toff Down the Pit’.
Is this why (some of) our children are so bored, disruptive, and self-harming? Ref, Church Schools and Faith Schools. UK. And, ‘muddled thinking’.
"To do evil, a human being must first believe that what he is doing is good or else that it is a well-considered act, in conformity with natural law. Fortunately, it is in the nature of the human being to seek a justification for his actions. Macbeth’s self-justifications were feeble and his conscience devoured him. Yes, even Iago was a little lamb too. The imagination and the spiritual strength of Shakespeare’s evildoers stopped short of a dozen corpses, because they had no ideology.
Ideology, that is what gives the evildoer the necessary steadfastness and determination.
That is the social theory, which helps to make his own acts seem good, instead of bad, in his own and others eyes so that he will not hear any reproaches and curses, but will receive praise and honours.
That was how the ‘Agents of the Inquisition’ fortified their wills by evoking Christianity; the conquerors of Foreign Lands by extolling the ‘grandeur of their Motherland’; the Colonisers by ‘Civilization’; the Nazis’ by ‘race’ and the Jacobin’s (early and late) by equality, brotherhood, and the happiness of future generations". Ref, "Evil and Ideology". The appalling, inexcusable and ‘indoctrinational idea’ in the belief of ‘Original Sin (evilness)’.
"Despite my best efforts, the bill still went down in defeat…But my fellow legislator’s speech helps underscore one of the differences between ideology and values: Values are faithfully applied to the facts before us, while ideology overrides whatever facts call theory into question". Barack Obama ‘The Audacity Of Hope’.
"Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process. Moreover, even when the destructive effects of their work become patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milgram_experiment
British Ask: `Will Obama Forgive Britain for Torture of His Grandfather?’