UK Association of Humanistic Psychology Practitioners.


 
 
Core Beliefs : 
      Introduction
 
      The humanistic approach to psychology and therapy cannot be summarised in one single definition. The humanistic view is one of "many ways of looking", in that root knowledge of oneself, of others and of the world is based essentially on inner experience and of experiential encounter with others and with the world. Hence humanistic theories of what it is to be a person are of necessity varied, they are different maps but none is the actual territory. Accordingly this statement of UKAHPP’s beliefs presents a variety of views, divided into two sections.
 
Firstly fundamental beliefs, the tenets of humanistic psychology, to which all humanistic practitioners would subscribe in varying degrees.
 
Secondly, a range of views from which the practitioner can select those they experience to be true, putting the others aside, rather than rejecting them.
 
      Fundamental Core Beliefs
 
Theory of Human Nature and Theory of Self
 
The individual is unique, while being part of the environment, including relationships with others within the larger systems of humankind, incorporating family, community and society, and with the natural world. 
The individual is neither intrinsically good or bad and is motivated towards self actualisation and to seek security, love, belonging and, ultimately, truth. A person is greater than the sum of their parts, which includes their body, behaviours, beliefs (secular and spiritual), thoughts and feelings (conscious and unconscious).
 
The person is an integrated and self regulating whole, only when this balance is disturbed or incomplete do disease and dysfunction arise as symptoms, rather than as causes. Accordingly each individual has a right to autonomy and self determination, subject to accepting responsibility for their own actions. Each individual also has responsibility towards others, respecting their rights and honouring difference and diversity.
 
The Aims of Therapy and Growth
 
The aim of personal growth is self awareness and actualisation.
 
This means in part:
 
1. to bring oneself to a state of wholeness and completion in whatever way one experiences this;
 
2. to gain sovereignty over one’s life, to be authentic;
 
3. to be emotionally competent and to further one’s creativity and one’s search for truth, meaning, love and relationship with oneself and with others;
 
4. to relate to others in ways that demonstrate awareness of and respect for difference;
 
5. to heal past and current wounds and traumas;
 
6. to achieve integrity and autonomy while acknowledging mutual interdependence with others and with the environment. Therapy and other means of personal growth assist in these aims by bearing witness, promoting self regulation and healing, completion of unfinished business, acceptance of responsibility and love and acceptance of oneself and of others.
 
      The Nature of the Therapeutic Relationship
 
The therapeutic relationship is seen as the primary agent of change in fulfilling the aims of personal growth. It is founded upon the therapist being genuine, congruent, empathetic, open, honest, non-judgmental and accepting of the client. Contact between the core self of the client and core self of the therapist is the point of healing and growth for both parties. The relationship is "real" but this does not preclude the place of appropriate challenge, guided exploration, skilled interventions or the reality of the contractual arrangements and maintenance of boundaries. Nor does the therapeutic relationship preclude recognition of transference and resistance by the client or counter transference issues on the part of the therapist.
 
      Views Consistent with Core Beliefs
A Diversity of Humanistic Views
 
Instead of firm definitions, a range views is here presented, which may be accepted or put aside, as tolerance of such diversity is itself humanistic.
 
      Theories of Human Nature
 
The process of living is creative and involves interaction between the physical world, the intellectual and emotional realm (thoughts, intuitions and feelings), the spiritual (the nature of the soul), the social world (relationships, society and institutions) and the environment (politics, community and nature). We are part of the environment and inseparable from it.
 
We cannot get outside the environment to look at ourselves and are therefore objectively unexaminable by ourselves. Hence a person supersedes the sum of his or her parts, is affected by relationships with others, is aware, has choice and is intentional. There is no split between mind and body.
 
      Purpose of Therapy and Counselling
 
People are fundamentally capable of self-actualising, self-regulating and self-forming. This is the continuous and creative process of living. A humanistic practitioner enters into this process with another human being or beings and through the medium of a professional therapeutic relationship seeks to help them regain sovereignty over their lives. The need for psycho therapeutic intervention arises when interactions between or within the physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual parts of a person are damaged or distorted, including interaction with the environment in which they live and with others.
 
      Characteristics of Humanistic Practice
 
Humanistic practice works creatively with the dynamic between individual uniqueness and the categorising process that some find necessary to understand human beings and the world generally.
 
The therapeutic relationship is the main or even perhaps the only medium of change rather than techniques, strategies and modalities which are only gateways to the encounter. Theory is used as metaphor to aid a needed common language. Transference and counter transference are seen as aspects of communication and are handled as such, rather than as the mainstay of the relationship. 
 
      Some principles of therapeutic practice:-
 
 1. The therapeutic relationship is between two (or more) autonomous human beings.
 
 2. Therapy is a two-way process of relationship.
 
 3. Each therapeutic intervention is purposeful and finely tuned, though the therapist is not always "right".
 
4. Confrontation shows the client the maladaptive attitudes, beliefs etc. that prevent him/her moving on.
 
5. Therapy with the adult enables regressive issues to be contradicted in the present.
 
6. Emotional competence is one goal of therapy so that the client can "own" their own emotions.
 
7. Acceptance is a further goal of therapy in that the client comes to accept his/her true self.
 
8. One aim of therapy is uncovering and re-educating the real self.
 
9. Emphasis is on experiential learning, humans learn from experience.
 
10. Congruence is sought in thought and action.
 
11. Diversity is welcomed: different individuals follow different paths.
 
12. Autonomy is promoted: people are free and act as independent individuals.
 
13. Authenticity is sought: what is valuable in human relating is realness.
 
14. Awareness is developed: we are able to become fully aware of both conscious and unconscious forces.
 
15. Integrity is sought: the integration of different elements into an authentic whole.
 
16. A non-judgmental and inclusive attitude is adopted.
 
17. Trust is adopted. People are assumed to be good rather than bad. 
 
Humanistic Approaches in Relation to Other Modalities
 
Humanistic psychology developed in the USA within the academic psychology establishment as a reaction to the behavioural and analytic emphasis of the time.
 
Humanistic approaches are not complementary to the others but, coming later and incorporating their lessons, are developments of and advances over them. Humanistic approaches are a synthesis of analytic, behavioural, existential models. There is no evidence to support one theory of psychotherapy over another. Humanistic psychology incorporates psychoanalytic and behavioural orientations within a broader phenomenological orientation that emphasises human experience and meaning.
 
There are several sources of humanistic psychology as it exists today:
 
The phenomenological tradition, the existential tradition, self-actualisation, abundance motivation, the person-centred approach, body-oriented approaches, group dynamics, peak experiences and eastern philosophy. To these might be added trans-personal influences of a more general kind.
 
Very nice to know about this association ‘The Demon-Haunted World’ Carl Sagan.  

The gentle rebooting of your mind without scaring the sh.. out of you with ignorance and superstition !

A psychologist said, "Whilst the Church and worrying parents wanting to improve their children are around ; we are kept in business, they both have the ability to create guilt". 

What Shall We Tell The Children?

About luckyme0

My First family, second marriage, bringing up my 18-year-old twins, boy, and girl. I am a third generation Humanist, who has some old handwritten information and notes; collected over many years. Someone may find the articles interesting, or helpful. They could bring back a little ‘reality’, after being ‘shocked’ and ‘brainwashed’, by some malicious group, or institution (REBT Therapy). People should know better, than to do this, to our very young, and the ‘obviously’ vulnerable! Go to easily accessible, non-superstitious knowledge that is not charlatanism! https://charleslizzy.com/2011/08/06/independent-schools-inspectorate-isi-marketing-spirituality-buzzword-or-maybe-even-for-you-to-shiver-at-the-something/ The blog has given me an incentive to order my thoughts, learn, and read up again, after a few non-thinking years of (very silly) imagination and passion. Why not, get your own key to a ‘door’, customise it to suit you, and it can be, all of your very own! Don’t believe, or be led by someone else’s; inherited, stupid, and a very likely (past, and not of today’s) ‘totally preposterous reality’s’. Only some interest in the ‘really big questions’, keeps life above the level of a farce, and very little else! KEEP THINKING! Some of the posts may need some correcting. Interests: REBT Counselling, Atheism, Secularism, Humanism, Psychology, Reading, Popular Science, School Ethos, Philosophy, History, Family, Parenting, Psychology, Horse Riding, Sailing, Rescue Boat Driver, Skiing (Teppichswinger), TV Documentaries, Motorbike Cross Country Riding, Volunteer Sports Stewarding, Writing, Primitive Man, Pre-history, Social Anthropology, British Humanist Association, BHA, Meaning of Life, The Big Questions, Where am I, What am I, Why am I, Hippie Love, Knowledge, Education, Globalisation. Favorite quote: “The world belongs to those who, at least to some degree, have figured it out.” Carl Sagan, ‘The Demon Haunted World’, ‘Contact’, and other famous books DVD ‘Cosmos’. The warning of another and horrendous, “Age of Superstition”. “Isn’t there something deeply absurd in the presumption that children ought to inherit beliefs from their parents. It can be deeply damaging, even lethally divisive. A ‘them’, with an ‘against us’, mentality” – Professor Richard Dawkins. “The will to believe is stronger than mere reason in the vast majority of people” – Dr J.Brown, Army Psychologist of the 1960′s. Humans will believe in almost anything, in fact, they seek it! Why? “98% of us, trained to be just good consumers, let’s train our children to be the 2% who have their very own creativity and discernment”; quote by a famous surreal artist. “The lack of reason brings forth monsters”. “Global interconnectedness is lethal against mass religion, nationalism, racism, and other destructive memeplexes. Let us connect everybody they hate it in restrictive regimes”; from the ‘meme learning group’, Richard Brodie’s book, ‘Virus Of The Mind’ (Richard Brodie a designer for ‘Microsoft Word’). Following on, J.Bronowski, and ‘The Ascent Of Man’ TV series, and a book http://www.bbcshop.com/science+nature/the-ascent-of-man/invt/9781849901154/ with the last DVD in this series, ‘The Long Childhood’ being especially revealing. ‘Prehistory’ and the ‘Making of the Human Mind’ by Colin Renfrew, with P.Wilson’s, ‘The Domestication of the Human Species’, and Nigel Spivey’s, TV series and book, ‘How Art Made The World’, offers some further explanations. Latest reading: Jared Diamond http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jared_Diamond
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