460 -370 BC.
Matter is composed of atoms, which
move, hit each other, and sometimes
Moon shines by reflected light
Earth is spherical
Earth floats freely in space.
Earth rotates on its axis every 24hrs
Measured circumference of the Earth correctly.
First Heliocentricist 200 BC
Earth and Planets revolve around Sun
Dark Age Starts (mostly) Irrationality Superstition Ignorance
A Major – Geodentricist 150 AD (Earth centre of the Universe)
Ptolemy. Wrote, ‘Almagest’. The standard astronomical text book for 1,500years.
200 AD – 1500 AD
NO PROGRESS IN COSMOLOGY, SCIENCE, MEDICINE.
"A deadly torpor sank upon the human mind, which for many centuries almost suspended its actions".
Edward Gibbon Vol V, p425.
An End To Some Of The Current Irrationality, Ignorance, And Superstition.
The Second Heliocentricist
Laws of Gravitation. Invention of the Telescope. Microscope. Pendulum Clock. Thermometer. Barometer. Circulation of blood.
Laws of Planetary Motion.
Invented Dynamics. Persecuted by Church for popularising Heliocentric theory
Uranus and motion of Sun
Accurately measured Stellar Distances.
Invented a method of measuring rate of movement of Stars and Galaxies along line of sight.
‘Moving clocks go slow’. ‘Space is Curved’. E = mc squared. Nobel Prize 1921.
Measured the rate of the, Expansion of The Universe.
Penzias and Wilson.
Discovery of the crucial evidence ‘Big Bang’ Nobel Prize 1978.
"Almost every discovery necessary for the achievment of Modern Western Civilisation, was made in Ancient Alexandria before AD 200". Lord Thomas, ‘An Unfinished History of the World’ 1981 Edition.